The History of Alaska (история Аляски)

a drilling program at Prudhoe Bay. The following

year, a total of $990,220,590 was bid in a one-day

lease sale of those properties.

January 23

- In 1971, the temperature at Prospect Creek, Alaska,

dropped to 80 degrees below zero, the lowest

temperature ever recorded in the United States.

December 18

- In 1971, the Alaska Native Claim Settlement Act (ANCSA)

was signed into law by the President. Among the

major provisions were the transfer of title to 40

million acres of land to native corporations, and a

cash payment of $962.5 million.

February 14

- In 1973, the Yukon Native Brotherhood presented a

Statement of Claim to the federal government,

stating their position on land claims, self-

government and other issues which had been

published in January in "Together Today For Our

Children Tomorrow".

- In 1975, the first section of pipe for the Trans-Alaska

Pipeline from Prudhoe Bay to Valdez was laid. By

August, 21,600 people were working on the project.

The first oil was put through the 800-mile line on

June 20, 1977.

February 3

- In 1988, PL 100-241, the Alaska Native Claim Settlement

Act Amendments, was signed by President Regan.

The amendments gave more flexibility to the

corporations managing Settlement lands.

March 24

- In 1989, the oil tanker Exxon Valdez went aground on Bligh

Reef, pouring almost 11 million gallons of oil into

Prince William Sound.

May 29

- In 1993, the Umbrella Final Agreement is signed by

representatives of the Council for Yukon Indians

and the Yukon and federal governments,

establishing the basic format for all 14 Yukon First

Nations land claims agreements.


Summing up to the aforesaid, it would be desirable to emphasize, that Alaska is a crossroads of a sea, air truck transport between Northern America, Asia and the Europe, that’s why Alaska is one of the most perspective states of USA by way of development of economy and tourism. The variety of riches of culture, an abundance of national parks attracts tourists from the world.

The considerable contribution to development of Alaska was brought by Russian empire. The general past, the general cultural wealth is what unites Russia and Alaska and today.

The list of literature.

1. Джеймс Микэнер «Аляска».

2. Боб Черрай «Дух Ворона».

3. Marcia Simpson «Rogue's Yarn», «Crow in Stolen Colors»,

«Sound Tracks».

4. Gore Vidal «Williwaw».

5. Borneman «The Native People of Alaska»