The History of Alaska (история Аляски)

of Klondike, turning the excitement caused by the

Excelsior's arrival at San Francisco into an all-out

gold rush.

- In 1898, gold was discovered near the future site of Nome,

triggering a stampede.

- In 1898, a series of 5 avalanches in the Chilkoot Pass between

2:00 AM and noon killed over 70 people.

June 13

- In 1898, the Yukon Territory is created.

July 29

- In 1900, the White Pass & Yukon Route railroad was

completed, with the Golden Spike driven at

Carcross, Yukon.

- In 1900, Congress authorized a massive telegraph construction

project in Alaska.

July 22

- In 1902, Felice Pedroni ("Felix Pedro") discovered gold in

the Tanana Hills, causing a stampede which

resulted in the founding of Fairbanks.

May

- In 1904, the first commercial wireless communication

facility in the U.S. opened, between Nome and St.

Michael.

May 7

- In 1906, the Alaska Delegate Act was passed by Congress,

giving the territory's 40,000 people the right to elect

a non-voting delegate to Congress.

August 24

- In 1912, the Alaska Territorial Act was passed by Congress.

July 3

- In 1913, the first airplane in Alaska made a demonstration

flight at Fairbanks, piloted by James V. Lilly.

March 12

- In 1914, a bill authorizing the construction of the

government-financed Alaska Railroad was signed by

President Wilson. Construction started in 1915, and

some sections were opened as they were completed,

but the entire line, running from Seward to Fairbanks,

was not completed until July 15, 1923.

October 25

- In 1918, the coastal steamer Princess Sophia sunk near

Juneau, killing 463 people, about 10% of the

Yukon's white population.

- In 1919, the Yukon finally allowed women to vote in Territorial

elections. Manitoba had been the first province to

enfranchise women.

July 10

- In 1919, Louis Beauvette staked the first silver claim at Keno

Hill, in the central Yukon; by 1930 this district was

producing 14% of all the silver mined in Canada.

enfranchisement was passed in May 1918.

July 15

- In 1923, the Alaska Railroad was completed, following 8 years

of construction.

February 24

- In 1924, Carl Ben Eielson made Alaska's first Air Mail flight.

June 3

- In 1942, a large carrier-based Japanese force attacked

Dutch Harbour.

June 7

- In 1942, the Japanese landed almost 2,500 troops on the

Aleutian islands of Attu and Kiska. It took a huge

Allied force until August 15, 1943 to regain control.

September 24

- In 1942, the Alaska Highway opened at Contact Creek, 305

miles north of Fort Nelson, B.C.

February 22

- In 1951, after 3 years of rumours, the federal government

approved moving the capital of the Yukon from

Dawson City to Whitehorse. A new Federal Building

was constructed in 1952, and the Territorial

Council chambers were moved the following year,

with the first meeting held in Whitehorse in April.

- In 1951, the Alaska Highway was turned over to Canada, in a

ceremony at Whitehorse.

January 3

- In 1959, Alaska became the 49th State.

March 27

- In 1964, an earthquake with a magnitude of 8.4 on the

Richter scale hits the Anchorage area, killing 115

people and destroying hundreds of homes.

November 6

- In 1967, Jean Gordon, the Yukon's first female member of

the Territorial Council, takes her seat.

- In 1968, the oil riches of Alaska's North Slope, first

reported almost 100 years ago, were confirmed by