Храмы Санкт-Петербурга

Файл : Term Paper - Temples.doc (размер : 39,212 байт)

Министерство образования и науки

Российской Федерации

Санкт-Петербургский Государственный Инженерно-экономический

Университет

Факультет туризма и гостиничного хозяйства

Кафедра профессионального иностранного языка и межкультурных коммуникаций в туризме

Курсовая работа

Тема: Храмы Санкт-Петербурга

Выполнил: студент Кошелев Глеб Александрович

Курс - 2, группа 5131

Руководитель: Cт.пр. Ляпакина Е.В.

Санкт-Петербург

2004 г

Content

1. Introduction 2

2. Buddhist Temple 3

3. The Mosque 7

4. Armenian Church 9

5. Lutheran Church 11

6. Roman-Catholic Church 13

7. Znamensky Orthodox Church 15

8. Greek Church 16

9. The Church of Theophany on Gutuevsky Island 17

10. Conclusion 19

11. Glossary 20

12. Bibliography 21

Introduction.

Saint-Petersburg is a World famous city. It is famous for its history - “City of three revolutions”, for white nights, drawbridges, for its architecture. Temples of Saint-Petersburg play a great role both in history and architecture. One of the first buildings in the city was Peter and Paul Cathedral. Most of Romanovs were buried here. After this, Saint-Petersburg became the centre of Temple building.

The Saint-Petersburg temples represent the city as a multicultural one and as the sample of tolerance. People of great number of nationalities and religions lived here since its foundation.

The city changed greatly in the XX century. Because of revolution and following Soviet rule, and also Grand Patriotic War, about thrty churches have been destroyed, many were reconstructed. The main purpose of my work is to restore the image of Saint-Petersburg of the beginning of the XX century. The second main purpose is to represent the way of life in the city, the attitude to churches, to religion. The events that lead to the ideas of building a church or a temple seem interesting as well. And the last, but not the least, - to get acquainted with pieces of architectural art, to show the traditions of temple building in Saint-Petersburg. Different architectural styles are represented in this work.

The temples below are not the most famous ones in Saint-Petersburg. But they have very reach history and they are in the shade of World famous St. Isaac’s Cathedral, Church of Resurection, Peter and Paul Cathedral. The temples below are worth one’s attention.

The Buddist Temple

There is a tall building on 91, Primorsky prospect. It attracts attention to its proportions and symbolism. It impresses with its unusual forms, walls like fortress ones, misterious symbols on the Eastern facade. The grey monolith of its Nothern wall towers the three-storeyed rectangular building. The Southern facade is decorated with a four-pillared portico. Granite facing, glazed bricks and guilded components af decoration forms the unique image of the building. It combines the elegant beauty of European modern style and severe beauty of Tibet architecture. This is the Buddist Temple.

The history of constructing the Temple in Saint-Petersburg is very complicated.

On March, 16 in 1909 Agvan Dorghiev bought a ground area in “Old Village” in order to erect there the Temple. But many organizations like “The Union of Russian People”, bureaucrats were against of it. That goes without saying, The Russian Orthodox Church was against too. But Dorghiev showed all his diplomatic skills, and on the 30st of September, 1909 Nicolas II allowed the building of First Buddist Temple in Saint-Petersburg. At the end of April the building started.

The works were produced under control of a special building comitee, consisting of the academicians V.V. Radlov, S.F. Oldenburg, prince A.A. Ukhtomsky, researches of the Far East V.L. Kotvich, A.D. Rudnev, F.I. Scherbatsky, painters N.K. Rerikh, V.P. Shnayder.