Canada Guide

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Parliament of Canada

The Parliament of Canada (in French: le Parlement du Canada) is on the Parliament Hill in Ottawa, Ontario. The future of the country is decided in this building.

Niagara Falls

The CANADIAN PART of the Niagara Falls in width about 800 m and height 48 m through which passes about 90 % of a drain of the river of Niagara.


Aboriginal people (they call them First Nations) lived on the territory of Canada at least 10,000 years ago. At 1000, Vikings settled for a short time at L'Anse aux Meadows. The French settled the St. Lawrence and Atlantic Canada regions in the 16th and 17th centuries.

France surrendered to Britain nearly all of New France, including Acadia and what comprises present-day Quebec and Ontario in the Treaty of Paris of 1763. Britain established the colonies of Nova Scotia, Lower Canada, and Upper Canada. New colonies were soon formed.

During and after the American Revolution, many British Loyalists left the Thirteen Colonies to settle in Canada. Other settlers during this time came from Europe, in particular the British Isles.

On July 1, 1867 three colonies - Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick received from Britain constitution. This may the Dominion of Canada was formed. It consisted of the provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec (formerly Canada East), and Ontario (formerly Canada West).

Other British colonies and territories soon joined Canada: by 1880, Canada included all of its present area except for Newfoundland and Labrador, which joined in 1949.

In the second half of the 20th century, some there were citizens of the mainly French-speaking province of Quebec demanded independence there were two referendums in 1980 and 1995. In the 1980 referendum the vote against independence was 60%; in the 1995 Quebec referendum the vote against independence was 50.6%.Many think that in future there must take place another referendum.

Placement and Neighbors

Official languages

English & French, federally



Largest city


Political system

Confederation with parliamentary democracy

Population - July 2005 est. - Density

Ranked 35th32,805,0414/km² ( 222nd)

GDP (2004) - Total (PPP) - Total - GDP/head (PPP) - GDP/head

$1.056 trillion (11th)$0.834 trillion (9th)$32,463 (6th)$29,900 (18th)


Canadian dollar ($)

Time zone

UTC −3.5 to −8

National anthem

O Canada

Canada is the second-largest country in the world (9 970 610 km2.) which is surpassed in the sizes only by Russia. Canada is located on the north from the USA, between Atlantic and Silent oceans. From the West on the east it reaches 7700 km, and from the north on the south - 4600 km. Almost 90 % of all population of Canada live within the limits of 160 km from border from the USA.

Canada is divided into ten provinces and three territories, each of which has own capital (in brackets): Albert, British Columbia, Island Prins-Eduard, Manitoba, Fredericton, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan, New Land, North-West territories and Yukon.

Canada borders in the south and in the West on the USA. Extent of borders (including Alaska) - 8893 km Extent of sea coast - 243 791 km.

The highest point of Canada is Mount Logan in height in 5950 m above sea level.


Canada Day is Canada's national holiday. It is celebrated on July 1.Since 1958 the government establishes annual ritual of carrying out of national day of Canada. At festival it is possible to look multinational and professional concerts on the Parliamentary Hill, including the television show broadcast all over the country and with addition of fireworks in 15 basic cities on all country.

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