California & Los-Angeles. Places of interest

California & Los-Angeles. Places of interest

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ЮЖНО-САХАЛИНСКИЙ ЛИЦЕЙ ЭКОНОМИКИ И ПРАВА

Экзаменационная

Работа по английскому языку

За курс средней

(полной) школы

CALIFORNIA

LOS ANGELES

PLACES OF INTEREST

Работу выполнила

Ученица 11 технического класса

Нуреева Виктория Алексеевна

Руководитель

Учитель английского языка

ФИО

Южно-Сахалинск

2003

Table of Contents.

Introduction.……………………………………………………………..……………3

I. California

1.1. California today………………………………………………………………………….4

1.2.The History of Los Angeles County……………………………………………………4

II. Los Angeles

2.1. Los Angeles now………………………………………………………………………..7

2.2. Disneyland……………………………………………………………………………….9

2.3. Six Flags Magic Mountain…………………………………………………………….14

2.4 Universal Studios……………………………………………………………………....15

Conclusion..………………………………………………………………...……….16

Literature…….………………………………………………………………………17

Introduction.

California, Los Angeles, Disneyland, Hollywood, Beverly Hills…have you ever heard these names? I am sure you have. What are these places , where are they situated, what is their history? I am sure this question have at least onece stirred your curiosity. In my work I’ve tried to cover all these most interesting questions, including history, places of interest their description and even parks’ entrance fees. I hope my work will help you to get better acquainted with one of the most beautiful state of the USA – California and its one of the most gougeous cities – Los Angeles, or a City of Angels.

I.California.

1.1.California today.

California is perhaps the most unique state in the USA. It leads the country in manufacturing and farming. Its area is the 3rd in the country and it has the largest population, of which the white people constitute less than 50%. It is the most popular place to spend vacations - hiking in National parks, swimming in the Pacific Ocean and sightseeing in the cities. Such well-known places as Hollywood Disneyland, Death Valley, and the San Diego Zoo are located in California. First European settlements in California were Spanish, and in 1821, when Mexico became independent, it became its part. In 1848 the United States took control over this state. And on September 9, 1850, it became the 31 state of the USA. 

Capital - Sacramento.

Population - 29,839,250 (1st).

The state symbols are: 

Bird - California Valley Quail, 

Flower - Golden Poppy, 

Motto - "Eureka" ("I have found it"), 

Song - "I love you, California", 

Tree - California Redwood. 

1.2.The History of Los Angeles County.

 

When Spanish occupation of California began in 1769, an exploratory expedition of more than 60 persons led by Gaspar de Portola moved north through the area now known as Los Angeles. They camped by a river where fertile soil and availability of water for irrigation impressed members of the party. Father Juan Crespi, who accompanied the group, saw the location as having all the requirements for a large settlement. He named the river El Rio de Nuestra Senora la Reyna de Los Angeles de Porciuncula, which means “The River of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels of Porciuncula.” In September 1771 Father Junipero Serra and a group of Spaniards founded the San Gabriel Mission as the center of the first "community" in an area inhabited by small bands of Gabrielino Indians.

Twelve years after Portola's trek, which began in San Diego and ended in Monterey, a company of settlers called "Los Pobladores" were recruited in the states of Sonora and Sinaloa in Mexico. Their mission, under authority of Governor Felipe de Neve, was to establish pueblos in the name of the king of Spain.

On September 4, 1781, the Pobladores, a group of 12 families - 46 men, women and children led by Captain Rivera y Moncada - established a community in the area discovered by Portola, and named it El Pueblo de Nuestra Senora la Reyna de Los Angeles de Porciuncula, after the nearby river. Over time, the area became known as the Ciudad de Los Angeles, "City of Angels," and on April 4, 1850 became the City of Los Angeles.

California was ruled by Spain until 1822 when Mexico assumed jurisdiction. After a two-year period of hostilities with Mexico beginning in 1846, the area came under U.S. control. In 1848 the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo made California a United States territory.The County of Los Angeles was established on February 18, 1850 as one of the 27 original counties, several months before California was admitted to the Union. It derived its name from the area known as Los Angeles, already a large community, and made it the designated "seat" of County government.