British monarchy and its influence upon government

British monarchy and its influence upon government

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Degree work «BRITISH MONARCHY AND ITS INFLUENCE UPON GOVERNMENTAL INSTITUTIONS»

The Institute of Ecology, Linguistics and Low

Degree work

«BRITISH MONARCHY

AND ITS INFLUENCE

UPON GOVERNMENTAL INSTITUTIONS»

Dunaeva Nina

Moscow, 2003

Contents

Part One

INTRODUCTION

The United kingdom of Great Britain and Nothern Ireland4

Direct meaning of the word «monarchy»6

The British constitutional monarchy7

Part Two

HISTORY OF THE MONARCHY

Kings and Queens of England9

The Anglo-Saxon Kings9

The Normans23

The Angevins30

The Plantagenets33

The Lancastrians42

The Yorkists46

The Tudors48

The Stuarts58

The Commonwealth Interregnum63

The Hanoverians75

Saxe-Coburg-Gotha85

The House of Windsor87

Part Three

THE MONARCHY TODAY

The Queen’s role91

Queen’s role in the modern State91

Queen and Commonwealth91

Royal visits92

The Queen’s working day92

Ceremonies and pageantry92

The Queen’s ceremonial duties93

Royal pageantry and traditions93

Royal succession93

The Royal Household93

Royal Household departments94

Recruitment94

Anniversaries95

Royal finances95

Head of State expenditure 2000-0195

Sources of funding96

Financial arrangements of The Prince of Wales96

Finances of the other members of the Royal Family96

Taxation97

Royal assets97

Symbols98

National anthem98

Royal Warrants99

Bank notes and coinage100

Stamps102

Coats of Arms103

Great Seal104

Flags105

Crowns and jewels105

Transport105

Cars106

Carriages107

The Royal Train108

Royal air travel109

Part Four

THE ROYAL FAMILY

Members of the Royal Family111

HM The Queen111

HRH The Duke of Edinburgh111

HRH The Prince of Wales and family112

HRH The Duke of York112

TRH The Earl and Countess of Wessex112

HRH Princess Royal112

HRH Princess Alice113

TRH The Duke and Duchess of Gloucester113

TRH The Duke and Duchess of Kent113

TRH Prince and Princess Michael of Kent114

HRH Princess Alexandra114

Memorial Plaque

HM Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother115

HRH The Princess Margaret115

Diana, Princess of Wales115

Part Five

ART AND RESIDENCES

The Royal Collection116

About the Royal Collection116

The Royal Collection Trust117

Royal Collection Enterprises117

Publishing118

Royal Residences118

Royal Collection Galleries118

Loans119

The Royal Residences119

About the Royal Residences119

Buckingham Palace120

The Queen’s Gallery, Buckingham Palace120

The Royal Mews121

Windsor Castle121

Frogmore122

The Palace of Holyroodhouse122

Balmoral Castle123

Sandringham House123

St James’s Palace124

Kensington Palace124

Historic residences124

Bibliography126

UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AND NORTHERN IRELAND

Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II (1952)

Government: The United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy and parliamentary democracy, with a queen and a Parliament that has two houses: the House of Lords, with 574 life peers, 92 hereditary peers, 26 bishops, and the House of Commons, which has 651 popularly elected members. Supreme legislative power is vested in Parliament, which sits for five years unless sooner dissolved. The House of Lords was stripped of most of its power in 1911, and now its main function is to revise legislation. In Nov. 1999 hundreds of hereditary peers were expelled in an effort to make the body more democratic. The executive power of the Crown is exercised by the cabinet, headed by the prime minister.

Prime Minister: Tony Blair (1997)

Area: 94,525 sq mi (244,820 sq km)

Population (2003 est.): 60,094,648 (growth rate: 0.1%); birth rate: 11.0/1000; infant mortality rate: 5.3/1000; density per sq mi: 636